Before jump into the context lets first understand what is PHP and why we use it? and what is the exact meaning of dynamic website/webpages? So, PHP is one of the best open source programming language created by Rasmus Lerdorf in 1994 and PHP full form is Hypertext Preprocessor. Through the time it created a tremendous impact in the software industry. We use it vigorously because it’s features and it is easy to use as well it is one of the most usable scripting language for web development. Now understand the meaning of dynamic website so, the website which changes its functionality based upon the user’s action and at the same time the content of the website gets updated time to time is called dynamic website. Some of the dynamic website examples are YouTube, Google, Facebook etc. The advantages of using dynamic website are it’s more interactive, easily manageable, easy to update the content and it gives you professional look and many more. So, in this blog I am going to tell you how you can make a dynamic website using PHP, some website design, how a website create using PHP and what will be functionality for that as well various frameworks that we can use to make your task easy.
A)Fundamental Set Up:
At the initial stage we have to set up some of the things like installing PHP, IDE, WAMP. So you can manually download and install PHP from php.net website or you can install wamp(it is web server) as well as install an IDE(integrated development environment), where you will be writing the code. Some of the popular IDE are Sublime text, Notepad++, Atom, VS Code etc. Choose any one of the IDE which ever you like most.
B) Basic Code Structure:
You can write the PHP code embedded with HTML or you can create a PHP file differently. A PHP code is file contains HTML tags and PHP scripting code.The extension of the PHP code must “filename.php”. Usually a PHP code is executed in server and the plain HTML result is sent back to browser. For beginners PHP is a pleasant language to use. Even more experienced developers who need refreshment are very great to start from the start. Frequently you will realize that sophisticated difficulties are often a fairly fundamental mistake. That’s what makes the fundamentals so vital. They are the foundation for building on your whole understanding of programming. So let’s start getting our hands dirty with PHP today we look at what PHP is, and the history of this some times contentious language. So the basic structure of the PHP code is
C) Some important points
- PHP requires instructions to be terminated with a semicolon at the end of each statement.
- A comment in PHP code is a line that is not executed as a part of the program. Its only purpose is to be read by someone who is looking at the code.
- PHP files can be created without any html tags and that is called Pure.
- In order for the server to identify the PHP code from the HTML code, we must always enclose the PHP code in PHP tags.
- A PHP tag starts with the less than symbol followed by the question mark and then the words “php”.
- The server interprets the PHP code and outputs the results as HTML code to the web browsers.
☛ Step By Step Procedure To Create Dynamic Website:
Now it’s the time to code on and make a beautiful website using PHP. So, for that you should go in a particular structure and that’s makes our task easy and it is also easy to understandable for other developer also. To create a website using PHP, you'll need to construct three web pages. These are based upon the basic structure of header, body, and footer. The steps are—
✔First step, You have to make the header of the website and the header includes title of the website, title information and the information of the browser and when this file will be called the page loads in your browser and apply the required font and layout.
✔Second step, now you have to put your webpage content in the PHP body. Every webpage contains the body tag and it is responsible for what we are seeing in the website. So, we have to put our relevant content and positing of these content here.
✔Third step, Now we have to create footer of the website. The footer contains some important information like copyrights, useful links, contact details etc. If some visits the website they can finds these things on the bottom of the website.
✔Fourth step, in these step you have to recheck you code and they must be follow the indentation and it should be in proper format and also you have to use encoding techniques.
✔Fifth step, here you have to check that the files are properly linked together so that any mismatch won’t happen.
✔Sixth, Now you have to test your code and validate there functionalities so that it works properly.
Now the last step is you have host those webpages and after hosting you can view it. Now we can host your website using hostinger, goDaddy etc. If you don’t host the website it won’t be visible for others.
So, these are the few steps you have to follow other than you can do these task together at one glimpse by using PHP Frameworks like Laravel, CakePHP, Laminas etc. The word framework means essential supporting structure. Here also you can do the same things which ever I have written before but it is highly recommend for beginners that they should not directly start with frameworks.